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08.09.2016 | Clinical Trial | Ausgabe 1/2016

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 1/2016

Use of a multiplexed immunoassay (PRO Onc assay) to detect HER2 abnormalities in circulating tumor cells of women with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer: lack of response to HER2-targeted therapy

Zeitschrift:
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment > Ausgabe 1/2016
Autoren:
John D. Hainsworth, Patrick B. Murphy, Jose R. Alemar, Brooke R. Daniel, Robyn R. Young, Denise A. Yardley

Abstract

Purpose

Determination of HER2 status by testing circulating tumor cells (CTCs), compared to sampling tumor biopsies, may improve patient management by allowing ongoing assessment of HER2 status during the disease course. The PRO Onc assay (Prometheus Laboratories; San Diego, CA) is a multiplexed immunoassay that measures the expression and activation of HER2 in CTCs. In this study, we screened patients with metastatic HER2-negative breast cancer with the PRO Onc assay; patients with HER2 overexpression or activation received a trial of HER2-targeted therapy.

Methods

In Part 1 of the trial, patients with HER2-negative breast cancer were screened with the PRO Onc assay to confirm the presence of a cohort that tested HER2-positive. After this finding was confirmed, patients in Part 2 of the study with HER2 abnormalities received a trial of treatment with trastuzumab/pertuzumab.

Results

In Part 1, 31 of 57 specimens contained CTCs; of these, 12 (38 %) showed HER2 abnormalities by PRO Onc assay. In Part 2, 129 of 226 patients (57 %) had CTCs; 24 of these patients (19 %) had HER2 abnormalities detected. Fourteen patients were treated with HER2-targeted therapy. Twelve of 14 patients progressed within 6 weeks, one patient had a brief (12 weeks) partial response, and one patient was stable for 12 weeks.

Conclusions

HER2 overexpression or activation was detected by the PRO Onc assay in 22 % of HER2-negative patients with CTCs. However, HER2-targeted therapy was not effective in such patients. FISH and IHC staining remain the standards for HER2 determination.

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