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15.06.2017 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 4/2018

International Ophthalmology 4/2018

Validation of Fourier analysis of videokeratographic data

International Ophthalmology > Ausgabe 4/2018
Haris Sideroudi, Georgios Labiris, Fienke Ditzel, Efi Tsaragli, Kimonas Georgatzoglou, Haralampos Siganos, Vassilios Kozobolis



The aim was to assess the repeatability of Fourier transfom analysis of videokeratographic data using Pentacam in normal (CG), keratoconic (KC) and post-CXL (CXL) corneas.


This was a prospective, clinic-based, observational study. One randomly selected eye from all study participants was included in the analysis: 62 normal eyes (CG group), 33 keratoconus eyes (KC group), while 34 eyes, which had already received CXL treatment, formed the CXL group. Fourier analysis of keratometric data were obtained using Pentacam, by two different operators within each of two sessions. Precision, repeatability and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC), were calculated for evaluating intrassesion and intersession repeatability for the following parameters: Spherical Component (SphRmin, SphEcc), Maximum Decentration (Max Dec), Regular Astigmatism, and Irregularitiy (Irr). Bland–Altman analysis was used for assessing interobserver repeatability.


All parameters were presented to be repeatable, reliable and reproductible in all groups. Best intrasession and intersession repeatability and reliability were detected for parameters SphRmin, SphEcc and Max Dec parameters for both operators using ICC (intrasession: ICC > 98%, intersession: ICC > 94.7%) and within subject standard deviation. Best precision and lowest range of agreement was found for the SphRmin parameter (CG: 0.05, KC: 0.16, and CXL: 0.2) in all groups, while the lowest repeatability, reliability and reproducibility was detected for the Irr parameter.


The Pentacam system provides accurate measurements of Fourier tranform keratometric data. A single Pentacam scan will be sufficient for most clinical applications.

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