Skip to main content
main-content

27.09.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2019

European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 3/2019

Value of early evaluation of treatment response using 18F-FDG PET/CT parameters and the Epstein-Barr virus DNA load for prediction of outcome in patients with primary nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging > Ausgabe 3/2019
Autoren:
Yu-Hung Chen, Kai-Ping Chang, Sung-Chao Chu, Tzu-Chen Yen, Ling-Yi Wang, Joseph Tung-Chieh Chang, Cheng-Lung Hsu, Shu-Hang Ng, Shu-Hsin Liu, Sheng-Chieh Chan
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00259-018-4172-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

To determine the value of early evaluation of response to concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) using 18F-FDG PET-derived parameters and the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA titre in outcome prediction in patients with primary nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).

Methods

Sixty patients with primary NPC were prospectively enrolled. All patients underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT before and during CCRT. The plasma EBV DNA titre was measured along with the PET/CT-derived parameters. Changes in EBV DNA titre and PET/CT-derived parameters during CCRT were analysed in relation to response to treatment, recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS).

Results

A total lesion glycolysis (TLG) reduction ratio of ≤0.6 and a detectable EBV DNA titre during CCRT were predictors of an unfavourable response to treatment, RFS and OS. In multivariate analysis, a TLG reduction ratio of ≤0.6 predicted incomplete remission (p = 0.002) and decreased RFS (p = 0.003). The proportion of patients with a TLG reduction ratio of >0.6 who achieved a complete response was more than twice that of patients with a TLG reduction ratio of ≤0.6. A detectable EBV DNA titre, a TLG reduction ratio of ≤0.6 and older age were independently associated with a poorer OS (p = 0.037, 0.009 and 0.016, respectively). A scoring system was developed based on these independent predictors of OS. Patients with a score of 1 and 2/3 had poorer survival outcomes than those with a score of 0 (hazard ratio 4.756, p = 0.074, and hazard ratio 18.973, p = 0.001, respectively). This scoring system appeared to be superior to the traditional TNM staging system (p < 0.001 versus p = 0.175).

Conclusion

Early evaluation of response to CCRT using 18F-FDG PET-derived parameters and the EBV DNA titre can predict outcome in patients with primary NPC. A combination of interim PET parameters and the EBV DNA titre enables better stratification of patients into subgroups with different survival rates.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Zusatzmaterial
Nur für berechtigte Nutzer zugänglich
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2019

European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 3/2019 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Radiologie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.