Skip to main content
main-content

05.08.2019 | Original Article

Vanishing white matter disease with different faces

Zeitschrift:
Child's Nervous System
Autoren:
Gülay Güngör, Olcay Güngör, Seda Çakmaklı, Hülya Maraş Genç, Hülya İnce, Gözde Yeşil, Cengiz Dilber, Kürşad Aydın
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Purpose

The goal of this study was to better understand vanishing white matter (VWM) disease, which is one of the most common hereditary white matter disorders, and its relationship to radiologic features, genetic analyses, and clinical findings.

Methods

We performed a study on 11 patients to describe the clinical and neuroimaging features of VWM. Patients were grouped into “infantile,” “early childhood,” and “juvenile” based on their onset age. EIF2B1–5 genes encoding five subunits of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2B (eIF2B) were analyzed in all patients with clinically suspected VWM disease.

Results

In brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), all patients showed white matter abnormalities with various degrees. The initial clinical presentation in five of patients was ataxia, with severe refractory epilepsy in three patients. In children with infantile-onset VWM, a rapid deterioration of motor function was detected, and the frequency of epilepsy was higher. Two patients showed manifestations of end-stage VWM disease, and one of them had chronic subdural hematoma. One of our patients and his father were diagnosed with Brugada syndrome. Sequencing of the exons and exon-intron boundaries of the EIF2B1–5 genes revealed mutations in the genes EIF2B5 (5 cases), EIF2B3 (3 cases), and EIF2B4 (2 cases). We also found a novel mutation in one patient: c.323_325delGAA in the EIF2B1 gene.

Conclusions

In this study, in addition to classical clinical and radiological findings, we wanted to emphasize that we may be confronted with refractory epilepsy (early infancy), cardiac problems, and intracranial complications that may occur in advanced stages.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Sie können e.Med Neurologie & Psychiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Sie können e.Med Neurologie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  3. Sie können e.Med Pädiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise