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22.02.2018 | Melanomas

Variability in Predictions from Online Tools: A Demonstration Using Internet-Based Melanoma Predictors

Zeitschrift:
Annals of Surgical Oncology
Autoren:
MS Emily C. Zabor, MD Daniel Coit, MD Jeffrey E. Gershenwald, MD, PhD Kelly M. McMasters, PhD James S. Michaelson, PhD Arnold J. Stromberg, DPH Katherine S. Panageas

Abstract

Background

Prognostic models are increasingly being made available online, where they can be publicly accessed by both patients and clinicians. These online tools are an important resource for patients to better understand their prognosis and for clinicians to make informed decisions about treatment and follow-up. The goal of this analysis was to highlight the possible variability in multiple online prognostic tools in a single disease.

Methods

To demonstrate the variability in survival predictions across online prognostic tools, we applied a single validation dataset to three online melanoma prognostic tools. Data on melanoma patients treated at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center between 2000 and 2014 were retrospectively collected. Calibration was assessed using calibration plots and discrimination was assessed using the C-index.

Results

In this demonstration project, we found important differences across the three models that led to variability in individual patients’ predicted survival across the tools, especially in the lower range of predictions. In a validation test using a single-institution data set, calibration and discrimination varied across the three models.

Conclusions

This study underscores the potential variability both within and across online tools, and highlights the importance of using methodological rigor when developing a prognostic model that will be made publicly available online. The results also reinforce that careful development and thoughtful interpretation, including understanding a given tool’s limitations, are required in order for online prognostic tools that provide survival predictions to be a useful resource for both patients and clinicians.

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