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12.12.2015 | Knee | Ausgabe 8/2017

Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 8/2017

Variation in the shape of the tibial insertion site of the anterior cruciate ligament: classification is required

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy > Ausgabe 8/2017
Autoren:
Daniel Guenther, Sebastian Irarrázaval, Yuichiro Nishizawa, Cara Vernacchia, Eric Thorhauer, Volker Musahl, James J. Irrgang, Freddie H. Fu

Abstract

Purpose

To propose a classification system for the shape of the tibial insertion site (TIS) of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and to demonstrate the intra- and inter-rater agreement of this system. Due to variation in shape and size, different surgical approaches may be feasible to improve reconstruction of the TIS.

Methods

One hundred patients with a mean age of 26 ± 11 years were included. The ACL was cut arthroscopically at the base of the tibial insertion site. Arthroscopic images were taken from the lateral and medial portal. Images were de-identified and duplicated. Two blinded observers classified the tibial insertion site according to a classification system.

Results

The tibial insertion site was classified as type I (elliptical) in 51 knees (51 %), type II (triangular) in 33 knees (33 %) and type III (C-shaped) in 16 knees (16 %). There was good agreement between raters when viewing the insertion site from the lateral portal (κ = 0.65) as well as from the medial portal (κ = 0.66). Intra-rater reliability was good to excellent. Agreement in the description of the insertion site between the medial and lateral portals was good for rater 1 and good for rater 2 (κ = 0.74 and 0.77, respectively).

Conclusion

There is variation in the shape of the ACL TIS. The classification system is a repeatable and reliable tool to summarize the shape of the TIS using three common patterns. For clinical relevance, different shapes may require different types of reconstruction to ensure proper footprint restoration. Consideration of the individual TIS shape is required to prevent iatrogenic damage of adjacent structures like the menisci.

Level of evidence

III.

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