25.11.2015 | Knee | Ausgabe 2/2017
Various factors contribute to graft extrusion in lateral meniscus allograft transplantation
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
- Sang Yub Lee, Jaegu Yoon, Young Seo Cho, Rak Chae Son, Sung Kwan Kim, Sang Hyuk Ahn, Hyeon-Kyeong Lee
Lateral meniscus allograft transplantation (LMAT) is a feasible surgical option for young meniscus-deficient patients. Although several studies have explored the factors that contribute to graft extrusion, they have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to determine the various factors that contribute to graft extrusion.
Patients with knees that had received LMAT using a keyhole technique (n = 87 knees in 82 patients) were reviewed. The median age of these patients was 22 years (range 19–54 years), and the median postprocedural follow-up interval was 5 days (range 1–136 days). Twelve magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurement parameters (axial and coronal location of the bone block) that could potentially influence graft extrusion were evaluated, along with absolute graft extrusion and relative percentage of extrusion (RPE).
A significant correlation was found between 8 of the 12 MRI measurement parameters and both the absolute extrusion and RPE (r = 0.241–0.438, p < 0.05). The absolute middle distance and depth of the bone block were independent predictors of the absolute extrusion (β = 0.30 and 0.15, respectively; p < 0.05), and the relative middle distance and relative bone-block elevation were found to be predictors of RPE (β = 2.29 and 1.44, respectively; p < 0.05).
The rate of graft extrusions after LMAT was high in this study. Both the coronal and axial locations of the bone block were found to influence graft extrusion in LMAT. Therefore, correct positioning of the bone block, including in both the axial and coronal planes, is essential to minimize graft extrusion. Future studies need to investigate the long-term clinical outcome and longevity of extruded menisci after transplantation.
Level of evidence
Therapeutic case series, Level IV.