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01.12.2014 | Ausgabe 3/2014

Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology 3/2014

Ventricular tachyarrhythmia recurrence in primary versus secondary implantable cardioverter-defibrillator patients and role of electrophysiology study

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology > Ausgabe 3/2014
Autoren:
Sarah Zaman, Gopal Sivagangabalan, William Chik, Wayne Stafford, John Hayes, Russell Denman, Glenn Young, Prashanthan Sanders, Pramesh Kovoor

Abstract

Purpose

In recent years, there has been a shift away from performing electrophysiologic study (EPS) to guide implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation with a reliance on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) alone.

Methods

ICD patients were prospectively recruited from the multicentre COMFORT (Concept of Optimal Management of ventricular Fibrillation Or Very fast ventricular Tachycardia) trial. Primary prevention ICD patients (n = 260, groups 1 and 2) were compared to secondary prevention ICD patients (n = 210, group 3). Primary prevention ICDs were implanted in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy based on LVEF ≤ 40 % and inducible ventricular tachycardia (VT) at EPS (n = 123, group 1) or impaired LVEF alone (LVEF ≤ 30 % or LVEF ≤ 35 % with NYHA class II or III; n = 137, group 2). EPS was performed in 61 % of secondary prevention ICD patients (n = 129). Patients were followed up for >12 months with a primary endpoint of spontaneous VT/ventricular fibrillation (VF).

Results

A significantly higher rate of spontaneous VT/VF occurred in secondary versus primary prevention ICD patients (P < 0.001) and in EPS-guided versus LVEF-guided primary prevention ICD patients (P = 0.029). At 2 years, the proportion of patients with ≥1 VT/VF episode was 24.6 ± 4.2 %, 19.9 ± 4.6 % and 37.1 ± 3.9 % for groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. In the secondary prevention, patients who underwent EPS, VT/VF occurred in 44.4 ± 5.9 % and 14.1 ± 6.6 % with a positive versus negative result, respectively (P = 0.02).

Conclusions

Secondary prevention ICD patients have more spontaneous VT/VF than primary prevention ICD patients. Secondary and primary prevention ICD patients with inducible VT at EPS have more VT/VF than patients without inducible VT or impaired LVEF alone.

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