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28.10.2016 | Pathology | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 1/2017

Vertical asymmetry of lamina cribrosa tilt angles using wide bandwidth, femtosecond mode-locked laser OCT; effect of myopia and glaucoma

Zeitschrift:
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Takuhei Shoji, Hiroto Kuroda, Masayuki Suzuki, Hisashi Ibuki, Makoto Araie, Shin Yoneya

Abstract

Purpose

Morphological features of the lamina cribrosa (LC) and optic disc may be important in the pathogenesis of glaucoma and myopic neuropathy. We therefore performed a cross-sectional study of patients with glaucoma and myopic neuropathy to evaluate vertical asymmetry of LC tilt angles (LCTAs) from Bruch’s membrane opening (BMO).

Material and methods

Forty-six control eyes and 35 primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) eyes were included. A raster scanning protocol with 300 single B-scans (without averaging) were obtained using optical coherence tomography with a wide-bandwidth, femtosecond mode-locked (ML) laser. Superior temporal to inferior nasal (ST) direction and inferior temporal to superior nasal (IT) direction (±45° rotation with a horizontal line) lines were drawn, and the angle between the inner edge of the BMO plane and the best fitting line for the anterior LC plane was measured as the LCTA. The generalized estimating equation was used to analyze the eye-derived data.

Results

Although no significant differences in either ST-LTCAs or IT-LTCAs were observed between the glaucoma group and non-glaucoma group, the IT-LCTAs were found to be significantly greater than the ST-LCTA in both the glaucoma and non-glaucoma groups (P < 0.001). After adjustment for other potential confounding factors by multivariate analysis, greater refractive errors were significantly correlated with IT-LCTAs.

Conclusions

Vertical asymmetry of the LC tilting from the BMO plane exists in both normal and POAG eyes, and correlates with the degree of myopia.

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