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01.09.2009 | Original Article | Ausgabe 5/2009

Lasers in Medical Science 5/2009

Vibrations produced during erbium:yttrium–aluminum–garnet laser irradiation

Lasers in Medical Science > Ausgabe 5/2009
Ivica Anic, Ivana Miletic, Silvana Jukic Krmek, Josipa Borcic, Sonja Pezelj-Ribaric


The purpose of this study was to evaluate vibrations induced by an erbium:yttrium–aluminum–garnet (Er:YAG) laser in the non-contact mode and compare the vibrations with different pulse durations and energy parameters. The experiment was conducted on an extracted tooth built up in silicone impression material. The vibrations were measured by piezoelectric accelerometer for a super-short pulse (SSP), a very short pulse (VSP), and a short pulse (SP) at a frequency of 5 Hz for 1 s. For VSP and SP, the energy parameters tested were 200 mJ, 300 mJ, and 400 mJ. Measurements were performed 15 times for each individual irradiation energy level. The highest values of vibrations were measured for SP (0.160 ± 0.04 m/s2), and the lowest were measured for VSP mode at the energy parameter 200 mJ (0.05 ± 0.02 m/s2). There was a statistically significant (P < 0.01) difference between the various laser pulse modes (SSP, VSP, SP) at different energy parameters. At energy levels of 300 mJ and 400 mJ, the least amount of vibration during cavity preparations with the non-contact Er:YAG laser was produced by SSP mode.

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