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01.03.2018 | Education & Training | Ausgabe 3/2018

Journal of Medical Systems 3/2018

Virtual Reality as an Educational and Training Tool for Medicine

Journal of Medical Systems > Ausgabe 3/2018
Santiago González Izard, Juan A. Juanes, Francisco J. García Peñalvo, Jesús Mª Gonçalvez Estella, Mª José Sánchez Ledesma, Pablo Ruisoto
Wichtige Hinweise
This article is part of the Topical Collection on Education & Training


Until very recently, we considered Virtual Reality as something that was very close, but it was still science fiction. However, today Virtual Reality is being integrated into many different areas of our lives, from videogames to different industrial use cases and, of course, it is starting to be used in medicine. There are two great general classifications for Virtual Reality. Firstly, we find a Virtual Reality in which we visualize a world completely created by computer, three-dimensional and where we can appreciate that the world we are visualizing is not real, at least for the moment as rendered images are improving very fast. Secondly, there is a Virtual Reality that basically consists of a reflection of our reality. This type of Virtual Reality is created using spherical or 360 images and videos, so we lose three-dimensional visualization capacity (until the 3D cameras are more developed), but on the other hand we gain in terms of realism in the images. We could also mention a third classification that merges the previous two, where virtual elements created by computer coexist with 360 images and videos. In this article we will show two systems that we have developed where each of them can be framed within one of the previous classifications, identifying the technologies used for their implementation as well as the advantages of each one. We will also analize how these systems can improve the current methodologies used for medical training. The implications of these developments as tools for teaching, learning and training are discussed.

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