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01.12.2018 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 1/2018

VUB-CYBERLEGs CYBATHLON 2016 Beta-Prosthesis: case study in control of an active two degree of freedom transfemoral prosthesis

Zeitschrift:
Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Louis L. Flynn, Joost Geeroms, Tom van der Hoeven, Bram Vanderborght, Dirk Lefeber

Abstract

Background

Here we present how the CYBERLEGs Beta-Prosthesis was modified with a new control system to participate in the Powered Leg Prosthesis event, and to report on our experience at the CYBATHLON 2016 which was held in Zurich, Switzerland in October 2016. The prosthesis has two active degrees of freedom which assist the user with extra joint power at the knee and ankle to complete tasks. The CYBATHLON is a championship for people with disabilities competing in six disciplines, using advanced assistive devices. Tasks for CYBATHLON 2016 were chosen to reflect everyday normal task such as sitting and standing from a chair, obstacle avoidance, stepping stones, slope walking and descent, and stair climbing and descent.

Methods

The control schemata were presented along with the description of each of the six tasks. The participant of the competition, the pilot, ran through each of the trials under lab conditions and representative behaviors were recorded.

Results

The VUB CYBERLEGs prosthesis was able to accomplish, to some degree, five of the six tasks and here the torque and angle behaviors of the device while accomplishing these tasks are presented. The relatively simple control methods were able to provide assistive torque during many of the events, particularly sit to stand and stair climbing. For example, the prosthesis was able to consistently provide over 30 Nm in arresting knee torque in the sitting task, and over 20 Nm while standing. Peak torque of the device was not sufficient for unassisted stair climbing, but was able to provide around 60 Nm of assistance in both ascent and descent. Use of the passive behaviors of the device were shown to be able to trigger state machine events reliably for certain tasks.

Conclusions

Although the performance of the CYBERLEGs prosthesis during CYBATHLON 2016 did not compare to the other top of the market designs with regards to speed, the device performed all of the tasks that were deemed possible by the start of the competition. Moreover, the Pilot was able to accomplish tasks in ways the Pilot’s personal microcontrolled prosthesis could not, with limited powered prosthesis training. Future studies will focus on decreasing weight, increasing reliability, incorporating better control, and increasing the velocity of the device. This is only a case study and actual benefits to clinical outcomes are not yet understood and need to be further investigated. This competition was a unique experience to illuminate problems that future versions of the device will be able to solve.
Literatur
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