Skip to main content
main-content

30.11.2018 | Review | Ausgabe 2/2019

European Journal of Nutrition 2/2019

Water intake and hydration state in children

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Nutrition > Ausgabe 2/2019
Autoren:
HyunGyu Suh, Stavros A. Kavouras

Abstract

Purpose

Although low water intake has been associated with adverse health outcomes, available literature indicated that the majority of children do not meet the water intake guidelines and they are underhydrated based on elevated hydration biomarkers. This review examined the water intake habits and hydration status in children from 32 observational studies (n = 36813).

Methods

PubMed, Web of Science, and CINAHL were used to identify relevant articles. Total water/fluid intake from 25 countries was compared with water intake recommendations and underhydration (urine osmolality greater than 800 mmol kg−1) was assessed. Risk of bias was assessed using customized categories following the review guideline for observational studies.

Results

From 32 studies, only 11 studies reported both water intake and hydration status. 12 out of 24 studies reported mean/median water/fluid intake below the guidelines, while 4 out of 13 studies that assessed hydration status indicated underhydration based on urine osmolality (greater than 800 mmol kg−1). Among the 19 countries that reported comparison of water/fluid intake with guidelines, 60 ± 24% of children (range 10–98%) failed to meet them.

Conclusion

These findings suggest that children are not consuming enough water to be adequately hydrated.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 2/2019

European Journal of Nutrition 2/2019 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Innere Medizin

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Innere Medizin und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

© Springer Medizin 

Bildnachweise