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01.04.2012 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2012

European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery 2/2012

What are the predictors of scapula fractures in high-impact blunt trauma patients and why do we miss them in the emergency department?

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery > Ausgabe 2/2012
Autoren:
M. Uzkeser, M. Emet, M. Kılıç, M. Işık

Abstract

Aim

To find out the predictors of scapula fractures in high-impact blunt trauma patients and the predictors of missing them in the emergency department (ED).

Methods

This is a retrospective descriptive review of patients treated at a single hospital over a 3.5-year period. The study included 1,039 high-impact blunt trauma patients of any age. The patients were divided into two groups: patients with scapula fractures (the patient group) and others (the control group). The patient group was re-assessed into two subgroups: patients with and without missed scapula fractures. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the predictors of a scapular fracture in the ED.

Results

The incidence of scapula fractures was 4%. The Injury Severity Scores (ISS) of the scapula fracture group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P < 0.0001). Patients with scapula fractures were significantly older (P < 0.001). Patients with scapular body fractures stayed for significantly longer in the intensive care unit (ICU) (P = 0.039) and their mean Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS)face score was higher (P = 0.04) compared to scapular fractures without body parts. Scapula fractures were missed in 35.7% of patients. All bilateral scapula fractures were missed. Computerized tomography showing shoulder region or scapula was obtained in 26.7% of missed injuries.

Conclusion

After matching for ISS, the mortality of patients with scapula fracture was significantly higher than the control group. We observed that fractures in the glenoid and scapular neck occurred higher than in the body region. We found that the seniority of the ED doctor, consultation ratio for orthopedics in ED, and the existence of brain contusion were important parameters for missing scapula fractures in ED.

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