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28.01.2020 | Veterinary Dermatology (A Rostaher and N Fischer, Section Editors) | Ausgabe 1/2020

Current Dermatology Reports 1/2020

What Can We Learn from Canine Atopic Dermatitis History?

Current Dermatology Reports > Ausgabe 1/2020
Pascal Prelaud, Aurore Laprais
Wichtige Hinweise
This article is part of the Topical Collection on Veterinary Dermatology

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.


Purpose of Review

Understanding the origin and shaping the current knowledge of canine atopic dermatitis (cAD) with an emphasis on its similarities and differences with its human counterpart, human atopic dermatitis (hAD), has been the purpose of this study.

Recent Finding

Fundamental research on the ethiopathogenesis and recent specific therapeutic findings have gradually reclassified cAD from a single disease to a multifactorial syndrome.


From first being referred to as “red mange” or “canine eczema” in a dog reacting to ragweed pollen, cAD has then been considered to be the canine counterpart of hAD. Both conditions share comparable historical discoveries as well as treatment evolutions such as skin barrier defects, the use of cyclosporine, proactive topical corticosteroids, or recent use of biotherapies. More recent discoveries have however shown some fundamental differences between both conditions such as the place of flea infestation and Malassezia infections in the dog or the hygiene theory in human. As in human medicine*, cAD is also a source of conceptual and nosological remaining controversies.

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