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Erschienen in: Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung 1/2014

01.02.2014 | Schule

Wirkung schulischer Gesundheitsförderung auf soziale Ungleichheit

Systematischer Review

verfasst von: Felix Hofmann, Edith Flaschberger, Rosemarie Felder-Puig

Erschienen in: Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung | Ausgabe 1/2014

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Zusammenfassung

Hintergrund

Ausgehend von der These, dass gesundheitspolitische Interventionen bei privilegierten Gruppen prinzipiell besser wirken, wurde untersucht, inwiefern dies auch auf die schulische Gesundheitsförderung zutrifft.

Methode

Auf Basis eines systematischen Reviews sollte beurteilt werden, ob einschlägige Interventionen die soziale Ungleichheit weiter vergrößern. Zwei Reviewer selektierten unabhängig voneinander die Ergebnisse umfassender Datenbankabfragen auf Basis vorab definierter Inklusionskriterien, 25 Arbeiten wurden ausgewählt.

Ergebnisse

Die meisten Interventionen zu Ernährungs- und Bewegungsthemen erhöhten die Ungleichheit zwischen den Geschlechtern. Auf ethnische und sozioökonomische Ungleichheit traf dies nur vereinzelt zu. Im Bereich Zahngesundheit fand sich keine Intervention, die die soziale Ungleichheit vergrößerte. In puncto psychische Gesundheit und Substanzkonsum zeigten sich gemischte Effekte, je nach Art der Intervention und Outcomeindikator.

Schlussfolgerung

Die Ausgangsthese lässt sich nur eingeschränkt auf die schulische Gesundheitsförderung übertragen. Bestimmte Maßnahmen können eine Vergrößerung der Ungleichheit offenbar verhindern.
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Metadaten
Titel
Wirkung schulischer Gesundheitsförderung auf soziale Ungleichheit
Systematischer Review
verfasst von
Felix Hofmann
Edith Flaschberger
Rosemarie Felder-Puig
Publikationsdatum
01.02.2014
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung / Ausgabe 1/2014
Print ISSN: 1861-6755
Elektronische ISSN: 1861-6763
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11553-013-0414-1

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