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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 1/2015

Work related etiology of de Quervain’s tenosynovitis: a case-control study with prospectively collected data

BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders > Ausgabe 1/2015
Stéphane Stahl, Daniel Vida, Christoph Meisner, Adelana Santos Stahl, Hans-Eberhard Schaller, Manuel Held
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. No funding or grants from any commercial source have been received in support of the research or preparation of the work for this study.

Authors’ contribution

Each author has contributed significantly to, and is willing to take public responsibility for, one or more aspects of the study. SS has conceived the study and participated in study design, data acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data and the drafting of the manuscript. DV was actively involved in data acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data and the drafting of the manuscript. CM participated in data analysis and interpretation of data and the revision of the manuscript. ASS participated in the conception of the study design, the data interpretation and the revision of the manuscript. HES participated in the interpretation of data and the revision of the manuscript. MH was actively involved in the data acquisition, the analysis and the interpretation of data as well as the revision of the manuscript. All authors provided final approval of the version to be published.



The etiology of de Quervain's tenosynovitis (dQ) has been based on conflicting small case series and cohort studies lacking methodological rigor. A prospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the most common risk factors for dQ.


Between January 2003 and May 2011, 189 patients surgically treated for dQ vs. 198 patients with wrist ganglia (WG) (controls) were identified in our clinic’s electronic database. Sample characteristics, exertional, anatomical, and medical risk factors were compared between groups.


dQ vs. WG differed by average age (52 vs. 43 years) and gender ratio (15/62 vs. 26/39). No significant difference between dQ vs. WG was found after subgrouping professional activities (manual labor: 18 % vs. 26 %, respectively, p = 0.23). No asymmetric distribution of comorbidities, wrist trauma, forceful or repetitive manual work, or medication was observed.


Neither heavy manual labor nor trauma could be shown to be predisposing risk factors for dQ.
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