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17.09.2016 | Laryngology | Ausgabe 2/2017

European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 2/2017

Work-up of globus: assessing the benefits of neck ultrasound and videofluorography

Zeitschrift:
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology > Ausgabe 2/2017
Autoren:
Pia Järvenpää, Taru Ilmarinen, Ahmed Geneid, Petra Pietarinen, Teemu J. Kinnari, Heikki Rihkanen, Johanna Ruohoalho, Mari Markkanen-Leppänen, Leif Bäck, Perttu Arkkila, Leena-Maija Aaltonen

Abstract

Globus patients with normal ear, nose, and throat (ENT) status are a diagnostic challenge. The symptom may be long lasting and cause concern about malignancy, leading to possibly unnecessary further investigation. The aim of the study was to assess whether radiological examinations are useful in globus diagnostics, how often patients suffer from persistent globus, and whether globus patients with normal ENT status develop a malignancy during a follow-up. We reviewed medical records of all 76 globus patients referred to Helsinki University Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery in 2009. Patient history and findings in physical and radiological examinations were registered. A questionnaire concerning patients’ present pharyngeal symptoms was sent 3 and 6 years after their initial visit. Data from the Finnish Cancer Registry revealed whether patients developed malignancies within a 3-year follow-up. Based on medical records, neck ultrasound was performed for 37 (49 %) and videofluorography for 22 patients (29 %), with nonsignificant findings. After a 3- and 6-year follow-up, half patients indicated that they were asymptomatic or had fewer symptoms, whereas the rest had persistent symptoms. The Finnish Cancer Registry data confirmed that globus patients developed no head and neck malignancies during a 3-year follow-up. In the present study, neck ultrasound and videofluorography showed no additional benefit to evaluate the globus etiology in patients whose ENT status was normal. Half the globus patients suffered from persistent symptoms after a 3- and 6-year follow-up, indicating that globus may cause discomfort chronically. However, no patients developed malignancies during a 3-year follow-up.

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