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The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s13063-017-2222-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Xingnaojing injection (XNJ) is widely used for the treatment of stroke in China. However, there is currently a lack of high-quality evidence of its efficacy for acute ischemic stroke. The main objective of this study is to determine whether the addition of XNJ to standard care improves the 3-month functional outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).
The XMAS study is a multicenter, prospective, randomized controlled, open-label trial with a blinded endpoints design. A total of 720 patients will be randomly allocated to either the intervention or the control group in a 1:1 ratio. The intervention group receives XNJ combined with standard care, and the control group receives standard care alone. XNJ will be administered intravenously every 12 h for 10 days. The primary outcome is the proportion of patients who are independent at 3 months after stroke onset defined as a modified Rankin Scale score of 0 to 2. Secondary outcomes include early neurological deterioration at 48 h, the change in National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, patient-reported outcome, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage at 10 days, the Barthel Index score, deaths from any cause and cardiovascular events at 3 months.
The results of this trial will provide critical evidence for XNJ in the treatment of AIS as a complementary approach that can be initiated after reperfusion therapy or when the AIS is not eligible for thrombolytic treatment.
Clinical Trials.gov, ID: NCT02728180. Registered on 28 March 2016.