01.12.2023 | Original Paper
Safety, Feasibility, and Acceptability of Telemedicine for Hypertension in Primary Care: A Proof-of-concept and Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial (SATE-HT)
Erschienen in: Journal of Medical Systems | Ausgabe 1/2023Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten
Hypertension (HT) continues to be a leading cause of cardiovascular death and an enormous burden on the healthcare system. Although telemedicine may provide improved blood pressure (BP) monitoring and control, it remains unclear whether it could replace face-to-face consultations in patients with optimal BP control. We hypothesized that an automatic drug refill coupled with a telemedicine system tailored to patients with optimal BP would lead to non-inferior BP control. In this pilot, multicenter, randomized control trial (RCT), participants receiving anti-HT medications were randomly assigned (1:1) to either the telemedicine or usual care group. Patients in the telemedicine group measured and transmitted their home BP readings to the clinic. The medications were refilled without consultation when optimal control (BP < 135/85 mmHg) was confirmed. The primary outcome of this trial was the feasibility of using the telemedicine app. Office and ambulatory BP readings were compared between the two groups at the study endpoint. Acceptability was assessed through interviews with the telemedicine study participants. Overall, 49 participants were recruited in 6 months and retention rate was 98%. Participants from both groups had similar BP control (daytime systolic BP: 128.2 versus 126.9 mmHg [telemedicine vs. usual care], p = 0.41) and no adverse events. Participants in the telemedicine group had fewer general outpatient clinic attendances (0.8 vs. 2, p < 0.001). Interviewees reported that the system was convenient, timesaving, cost saving, and educational. The system could be safely used. However, the results must be verified in an adequately powered RCT.
Trial registration: NCT04542564.