24.02.2023 | Original Article
Evaluation and comparison of planum clival angle in three malocclusion groups
A CBCT study
Nandita Krishnaswamy, Prof. Poornima Jnaneshwar, Prof. Ravi Kannan
Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten
Cranial base flexure is an overlooked topic in craniofacial research. The aim of this retrospective observational study was to compare a new parameter, the planum clival angle (PCA), which represents cranial base flexure, in skeletal class I, II, and III malocclusions using cone beam computed tomographic images (CBCT) and correlate PCA with the stages of the fusion of the spheno-occipital synchondrosis (SOS).
Materials and methods
A total of 125 CBCTs were divided into two groups based on chronological age (19–25 years and 12–18 years). The CBCT images from 57 subjects (19–25 years old) were categorized into three groups based on their skeletal malocclusion for measuring PCA and cranial base angles (CBA). In the second group, comprising 68 CBCT data sets of individuals in the age group of 12–18 years, the PCA angle was correlated with stages of fusion of the SOS. Data were statistically analyzed using independent samples t test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA, intergroup), Pearson correlation, and χ2 test.
There was a statistically significant linear correlation (P < 0.001) between the two parameters PCA and CBA but no significant difference was found in PCAs between the three groups. One-way ANOVA to compare the PCA values in the three stages of fusion of the SOS revealed a highly significant relationship in male subjects (p < 0.001), thereby, suggesting that as fusion progresses, the planum clival angle increases. The χ2 test to compare the planum clival angle in males and females revealed that SOS fusion occurred earlier in females.
There is a constant dynamic change in the value of the parameter PCA that progresses until completion of SOS fusion. The SOS fuses earlier in females. Assessment of the stage of fusion of the SOS can be used in deciding whether growth modification of the craniofacial complex is still possible during orthodontic therapy.