02.07.2022 | Cardiac
First-pass perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance parameters as surrogate markers for left ventricular diastolic dysfunction: a validation against cardiac catheterization
Xinli Guo, Chao Gong, Rizhen Song, Ke Wan, Yuchi Han, Yucheng Chen
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The non-invasive assessment of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction remains a challenge. The role of first-pass perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) parameters in quantitative hemodynamic analyses has been reported. We therefore aimed to validate the diagnostic ability and accuracy of such parameters against cardiac catheterization for LV diastolic dysfunction in patients with left heart disease (LHD).
We retrospectively enrolled 77 LHD patients who underwent CMR imaging and cardiac catheterization. LV diastolic dysfunction was defined as pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) or LV end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) > 12 mmHg on catheterization. On first-pass perfusion CMR imaging, pulmonary transit time (PTT) was measured as the time for blood to pass from the left ventricle to the right ventricle (RV) through the pulmonary vasculature. Pulmonary transit beat (PTB) was the number of cardiac cycles within the interval, and pulmonary blood volume indexed to body surface area (PBVi) was the product of PTB and RV stroke volume index (RVSVi).
Of the 77 LHD patients, 53 (68.83%) were found to have LV diastolic dysfunction, and showed significantly higher PTTc, PTB, and PBVi (p < 0.05) compared with those without. In multivariate analyses, only PTTc and PTB were identified as independent predictors of LV diastolic dysfunction (p < 0.05). With an optimal cutoff of 11.9 s, PTTc yielded the best diagnostic performance for LV diastolic dysfunction (area under the curve = 0.83, p < 0.001).
PTTc may represent a non-invasive quantitative surrogate marker for the detection and assessment of diastolic dysfunction in LHD patients.
• PTTc yielded the best diagnostic accuracy for diastolic dysfunction, with an optimal cutoff of 11.9 s, and a specificity of 100%.
• PTTc and PTB were found to be independent predictors of LV diastolic dysfunction across different multivariate models with high reproducibility.
• PTTc is a promising non-invasive surrogate marker for the detection and assessment of diastolic dysfunction in LHD patients.