21.06.2022 | Musculoskeletal
Long-term comparison between blind and ultrasound-guided corticoid injections in Morton neuroma
Fernando Ruiz Santiago, Pablo Tomás Muñoz, Antonio Jesús Láinez Ramos-Bossini, Alberto Martínez Martínez, Nicolás Prados Olleta
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This work compares the effectiveness of blind versus ultrasound (US)–guided injections for Morton neuroma (MN) up to 3 years of follow-up.
This is an evaluator-blinded randomised trial in which 33 patients with MN were injected by an experienced orthopaedic surgeon based on anatomical landmarks (blind injection, group 1) and 38 patients were injected by an experienced musculoskeletal radiologist under US guidance (group 2). Patients were assessed using the visual analogue scale and the Manchester Foot Pain and Disability index (MFPDI). Injections consisted of 1 ml of 2% mepivacaine and 40 mg triamcinolone acetonide in each web space with MN. Up to 4 injections were allowed during the first 3 months of follow-up. Follow-up was performed by phone calls and/or scheduled consultations at 15 days, 1 month, 45 days, 2 months, 3 months, 6 months and 1, 2 and 3 years. Statistical analysis was performed using unpaired Student’s t tests.
No differences in age or clinical measures were found at presentation between group 1 (VAS, 8.5 ± 0.2; MFPDI, 40.9 ± 1.1) and group 2 (VAS, 8.4 ± 0.2; MFPDI, 39.8 ± 1.2). Improvement in VAS was superior in group 2 up to 3 years of follow-up (p < 0.05). Improvement in MFPDI was superior in group 2 from 45 days to 2 years of follow-up (p < 0.05). Satisfaction with the treatment was higher in group 2 (87%) versus group 1 (59.1%) at 3 years of follow-up.
Ultrasound-guided injections lead to a greater percentage of long-term improvement than blind injections in MN.
• Ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injections in Morton neuroma provide long-term pain relief in more than 75% of patients.
• Ultrasound-guided injections in Morton neuroma led to greater long-term pain relief and less disability than blind injections up to 3 years of follow-up.
• The presence of an ipsilateral neuroma is associated with worse long-term disability score.