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05.02.2018 | Ausgabe 4/2018

Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 4/2018

Acute agranulocytosis after oral administration of dabigatran: a rare case report and a short review of literature

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis > Ausgabe 4/2018
Autoren:
Sergio Fasullo, Stefania Davì, Gioacchino Cosenza, Francesca Di Franco, Nicola La Manna, Alfonso Giubilato, Graziella Vetrano, Giorgio Maringhini

Abstract

This case report describes agranulocytosis immediately after oral administration of dabigatran in a 68 years old man with atrial fibrillation (AF). Dabigatran is an oral, reversible and competitive thrombin inhibitor that has shown promising results. In patients with atrial fibrillation of RE-LY study (Randomized Evaluation of Long-Term Anticoagulant Therapy), dabigatran administered at a dose of 150 mg, as compared with warfarin, was associated with lower rates of stroke and systemic embolism but similar rates of major hemorrhage. Dabigatran is administered as a prodrug and the peak of the plasma concentrations occurs within 2 h of ingestion. Agranulocytosis is characterized by a severe decrease or lack of circulating granulocytes. This rare event can be found among people taking dabigratan, especially for people who are female, over the age of 60, who took the drug for < 1 month. Agranulocytosis and aplastic anaemia are rare but serious conditions known to be caused by numerous drugs. Most of what is known or suspected about the aetiology is based on case reports, with only a few formal epidemiological studies that provide quantitative estimates of risk. The patient’s white blood cell count increased abruptly after discontinuation of the drug, suggesting an immune response caused by dabigatran. Although anticoagulant drugs are commonly used to treat atrial fibrillation, attention should be paid to this aspect and possible drug interactions.

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