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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Health Services Research 1/2018

Barriers to mental health care utilization among internally displaced persons in the republic of Georgia: a rapid appraisal study

Zeitschrift:
BMC Health Services Research > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Adrianna Murphy, Ivdity Chikovani, Maia Uchaneishvili, Nino Makhashvili, Bayard Roberts
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12913-018-3113-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

There is a paucity of evidence on access to services for mental health and psychosocial support for conflict-affected populations in low- and middle-income countries. In the Republic of Georgia, rates of utilization of mental health services among internally displaced people with mental disorders are low. We set out to identify the health system barriers leading to this treatment gap.

Methods

We used rapid appraisal methods (collection and triangulation of multiple data sources) to investigate barriers to accessing mental health care services among adult IDPs in Georgia. Data collection included review of existing policy documents and other published data, as well as semi-structured interviews with 29 key informants including policy makers, NGO staff, health professionals and patients.

Results

The following factors emerged as important barriers affecting access to mental health care services among IDPs in Georgia: inadequate insurance coverage of mental disorders and poor identification and referral systems, underfunding, shortage of human resources, poor information systems, patient out-of-pocket payments and stigmatization.

Conclusion

While rapid appraisal methods cannot control for potential biases or achieve representativeness, triangulation supports internal validity and reliability of the data collected, allowing data to be used to inform health care interventions. The appropriateness and potential effectiveness of policy interventions such as insurance coverage of a wider range of mental disorders, integration of services for these at the primary health care level, and community-based approaches in this context should be explored.
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