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12.09.2018

Behavioral Health Assessments and Interventions of Psychology Trainees and Residents During Dual Interviewing: Replication and Extension

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Autoren:
John H. Porcerelli, John R. Jones, Jillian E. Grabowski, William Murdoch

Abstract

The integration of psychologists and other behavioral health providers in primary care practice continues to evolve and reshape approaches to patient care. This study is a replication and extension of a 2013 study describing dual interviewing encounters involving psychology trainees and family medicine residents within an integrated primary care clinic as it relates to behavioral health assessments and interventions. Psychology trainees provided descriptions of 400 collaborative patient encounters involving 337 single and 63 repeat encounters. Psychology trainees coded the frequency of behavioral health assessments and interventions by the psychology trainee, family medicine resident, or both. Seventy-eight percent of encounters contained an assessment, and 20% contained interventions. Compared to the 2013 study, there were significantly fewer behavioral health interventions offered and a significantly greater number of psychoeducation/supportive interventions offered collaboratively. It was discovered that discussions between psychology trainees and family medicine residents immediately after patient encounters occurred 50% of the time and involved issues of case conceptualization. These informal discussions may be an important source of behavioral health education for family medicine residents. This study adds to efforts to better understand what occurs during these encounters.

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