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14.10.2015 | Review Paper | Ausgabe 6/2016

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 6/2016

Behavioral HIV Prevention Interventions Among Latinas in the US: A Systematic Review of the Evidence

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health > Ausgabe 6/2016
Autoren:
Jason Daniel-Ulloa, M. Ulibarri, B. Baquero, C. Sleeth, H. Harig, S. D. Rhodes

Abstract

Compared to White women, Latinas are 4 times more likely to contract HIV. In an effort to determine the overall state of the science meant to address this disparity, we reviewed the current HIV prevention intervention literature for U.S. Latinas. We searched 5 online electronic databases from their inception through July, 2014, for HIV prevention interventions including a majority sample of Latinas. Of 1041 articles identified, 20 studies met inclusion criteria. We documented study designs, participant characteristics, outcomes, theories used, and other intervention characteristics. Overall, HIV knowledge and attitudes were the predominant outcome; a small minority of studies included self-reported condom use or STD incidence. Strategies used to address cultural factors specific to Latinas and HIV included; lay health advisors, using ethnographic narratives, or using the Theory of Gender and Power, however few of the interventions adopted these strategies. This study identified several gaps in the intervention literature that need to be addressed. In addition to including more direct measures of decreased HIV risk (ex. condom use), more systematic use of strategies meant to address gender and cultural factors that may place Latinas at increased risk (e.g., gender inequity, traditional gender role norms such as machismo and marianismo, and relationship power dynamics).

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