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10.11.2022 | Original Article

Comparison of 1-h with 3-h planar 99mTc-pyrophosphate scintigraphy in patients with suspected transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis using SPECT as a reference standard

verfasst von: Toshinori Saitou, Tadao Aikawa, Osamu Manabe, Atsushi Nagase, Tamaki Kudo, Noriko Oyama-Manabe

Erschienen in: Annals of Nuclear Medicine

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Abstract

Objectives

The purpose of this study was to examine the diagnostic value of planar 99mTc-pyrophosphate (PYP) imaging at 1 and 3 h after tracer administration in patients with suspected transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA) using SPECT as a reference standard. We also tested whether blood pool activity of PYP is associated with renal dysfunction.

Methods

PYP images of 109 consecutive patients with suspected ATTR-CA were retrospectively reviewed. The myocardial PYP uptake was visually graded on a scale of 0 to 3 and quantified with the heart-to-contralateral (H/CL) ratio in accordance with the current expert consensus recommendations. The diagnostic value of planar images for identifying positive PYP SPECT was assessed by a receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis with the area under the curve (AUC). The uptake ratios of the ascending and descending aorta, left atrium, and trapezius muscle divided by the liver uptake were measured on SPECT images and compared to the renal function.

Results

A total of 41 patients (38%) had myocardial PYP uptake on SPECT images. In comparison with the visual scores on 1-h anterior planar images, those on 3-h anterior planar images had lower sensitivity (80.5% vs. 97.6%) and higher specificity (86.8% vs. 55.9%) for identifying positive PYP SPECT. The ROC analysis showed that the combination of visual scores on both 1-h and 3-h anterior planar images had significantly higher AUC values in comparison with 1-h anterior planar images alone (0.90 [95% CI 0.83–0.94] vs. 0.83 [95% CI 0.75–0.88]; P < 0.001), which was comparable to the AUC values on 3-h anterior planar images alone (0.88 [95% CI 0.80–0.92]; P = 0.071). In comparison with visual scores on 1-h or 3-h anterior planar images alone, the combination of visual scores and H/CL ratio did not significantly improve the diagnostic value for identifying positive PYP SPECT (P = 0.73 and P = 0.50, respectively). The uptake ratios of ascending aorta/liver, descending aorta/liver, left atrium/liver, and trapezius muscle/liver were not significantly associated with the serum creatinine level or estimated glomerular filtration rate (P > 0.05 for all).

Conclusions

In the assessment of ATTR-CA using PYP imaging, visual scores on 3-h anterior planar images for identifying positive PYP SPECT had lower sensitivity and higher specificity in comparison with those on 1-h anterior planar images. The diagnostic value of the visual scores on 1-h and 3-h anterior planar images was not improved by adding the H/CL ratio. Blood pool activity of PYP was not significantly associated with renal dysfunction.
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Metadaten
Titel
Comparison of 1-h with 3-h planar 99mTc-pyrophosphate scintigraphy in patients with suspected transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis using SPECT as a reference standard
verfasst von
Toshinori Saitou
Tadao Aikawa
Osamu Manabe
Atsushi Nagase
Tamaki Kudo
Noriko Oyama-Manabe
Publikationsdatum
10.11.2022
Verlag
Springer Nature Singapore
Erschienen in
Annals of Nuclear Medicine
Print ISSN: 0914-7187
Elektronische ISSN: 1864-6433
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12149-022-01807-8