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28.11.2018 | Original Article

Disrupted radial and tibial microarchitecture in patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance

Zeitschrift:
Osteoporosis International
Autoren:
E.M. Stein, A. Dash, M. Bucovsky, S. Agarwal, J. Fu, S. Lentzsch, E. Shane

Abstract

Summary

Patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) had abnormalities in volumetric BMD (vBMD), microarchitecture, and stiffness at both the radius and tibia by high-resolution peripheral quantitative CT compared to matched controls. This is the first report demonstrating that patients with MGUS have microarchitectural deficits at multiple skeletal sites.

Introduction

Fracture risk is elevated in patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). However, the pathogenesis of bone disease in these patients is poorly understood. Prior work using high-resolution peripheral CT (HRpQCT) demonstrated abnormal microarchitecture at the radius, with predominantly cortical abnormalities. We hypothesized that patients with MGUS have abnormal microarchitecture at both radius and tibia compared to controls, reflecting global skeletal effects of the disease.

Methods

This case-control study enrolled 36 subjects; patients with MGUS (n = 12) were matched 1:2 by age, sex, and race to controls (n = 24). Areal BMD (aBMD) was measured by DXA, vBMD, and microarchitecture by HRpQCT, and whole bone stiffness by finite element analysis. Serum was drawn for markers of bone metabolism and inflammation.

Results

By DXA, MGUS patients had lower aBMD at the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and 1/3 radius. Markers of bone metabolism and inflammation did not differ. By HRpQCT at the radius, MGUS patients had lower total, trabecular and cortical density, lower trabecular number, and greater trabecular separation and heterogeneity. At the tibia, MGUS patients had lower total and trabecular density, lower trabecular number, greater separation and heterogeneity, and lower whole bone stiffness.

Conclusions

Patients with MGUS had lower vBMD, cortical, and trabecular abnormalities at the radius compared to matched controls. At the tibia, trabecular abnormalities predominated. These results suggest that in addition to previously described cortical deficits, deterioration of trabecular bone may contribute to a generalized skeletal fragility in patients with MGUS.

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