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01.12.2019 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2019 Open Access

BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 1/2019

Does thread shape affect the fixation strength of the bioabsorbable interference screws for anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions? A biomechanical study

Zeitschrift:
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Gerardo L. Garcés, Oscar Martel, Alejandro Yánez, Alberto Cuadrado

Abstract

Background

The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical behaviour of two bioabsorbable interference screws with different geometries.

Methods

Two different pitch (2.5 and 5 mm) bioabsorbable interference screws, both 9 × 30 mm, were tested. Tests were performed with forty bovine digital extensor tendons and skeletally mature porcine tibiae. Two protocols of cyclic tests at 1 Hz were performed: 1000 cycles from 50 to 250 N, and 5000 cycles from 100 to 300 N (n = 10 for each type of test and screw). After the cyclic loading, a final ramp displacement until failure at 0.5 mm/s was applied.

Results

The stiffness after the cyclic phase of the tests was not statistically different between the two screws (1000th cycle: 2.5 mm pitch 280.3 ± 56.4 N/mm, 5 mm pitch 275.2 ± 65.0 N/mm, P = .965; 5000th cycle: 2.5 mm pitch 281.3 ± 66.4 N/mm, 5 mm pitch 286.1 ± 79.4 N/mm, P = .814). The yield load was not significantly different between the screws (1000 cycle tests: 2.5 mm pitch 482.2 ± 120.2 N, 5 mm pitch 495.9 ± 131.3 N, P = .508; 5000 cycle tests: 2.5 mm pitch 476.4 ± 65.3 N, 5 mm pitch 494.3 ± 39.2 N, P = .391). No correlation was found between the insertion torque and yield load (1000 cycle tests, R2 = 0.013; 5000 cycle tests, R2 = 0.006).

Conclusions

The pitch of bioabsorbable interference screws does not seem to affect fixation strength. Also, the authors recommend not to use insertion torque alone to estimate the fixation strength.
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