This study was presented in part at the 4th ICPIC (International Conference on Prevention & Infection Control), Geneva, Switzerland, 20th – 23rd June, 2017 (Abstract No. O16).
Despite vancomycin use is a major risk factor for the emergence of vancomycin resistance, it is frequently inappropriately prescribed, especially as empirical treatment. We evaluated the effect of an antimicrobial stewardship intervention targeting for inappropriate continued empirical vancomycin use.
This was a quasi-experimental study comparing vancomycin use in a 6-month pre-intervention and 6-month intervention period. If empirical vancomycin was continued for more than 96 h without documentation of beta-lactam-resistant gram-positive microorganisms, it was considered inappropriate continued empirical vancomycin use. The intervention consisted of the monitoring of appropriateness by a pharmacist and direct discussion with the prescribing physicians by infectious disease specialists when empirical vancomycin was continued inappropriately. An interrupted time series analysis was used to compare vancomycin use before and during the intervention.
Following implementation of the intervention, overall vancomycin consumption decreased by 14.6%, from 37.6 defined daily doses (DDDs)/1000 patient-days in the pre-intervention period to 32.1 DDDs/1000 patient-days in the intervention period (P < 0.001). The inappropriate consumption of vancomycin also declined from 8.0 DDDs/1000 patient-days to 5.8 DDDs/1000 patient-days (P = 0.009).
Interventions such as direct communication with prescribing physicians and infectious disease clinicians can help reduce the inappropriate continued use of vancomycin.