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01.01.2012 | Regular Article | Ausgabe 1/2012

Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 1/2012

Evaluation of anthropometric parameters and physical fitness in elderly Japanese

Zeitschrift:
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine > Ausgabe 1/2012
Autoren:
Nobuyuki Miyatake, Motohiko Miyachi, Izumi Tabata, Takeyuki Numata

Abstract

Objectives

We evaluated anthropometric parameters and physical fitness in elderly Japanese.

Methods

A total of 2,106 elderly Japanese (749 men and 1,357 women), aged 60–79 years, were enrolled in a cross-sectional investigation study. Anthropometric parameters and physical fitness, i.e., muscle strength and flexibility, were measured. Of the 2,106 subjects, 569 subjects (302 men and 267 women) were further evaluated for aerobic exercise level, using the ventilatory threshold (VT).

Results

Muscle strength in subjects in their 70s was significantly lower than that in subjects in their 60s in both sexes. Two hundred and twenty-nine men (30.6%) and 540 women (39.8%) were taking no medications. In men, anthropometric parameters were significantly lower and muscle strength, flexibility, and work rate at VT were significantly higher in subjects without medications than these values in subjects with medications. In women, body weight, body mass index (BMI), and abdominal circumference were significantly lower, and muscle strength was significantly higher in subjects without medications than these values in subjects with medications.

Conclusion

This mean value may provide a useful database for evaluating anthropometric parameters and physical fitness in elderly Japanese subjects.

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