Skip to main content

01.09.2009 | Original Article | Ausgabe 9/2009

Osteoporosis International 9/2009

External hip protectors are effective for the elderly with higher-than-average risk factors for hip fractures

Osteoporosis International > Ausgabe 9/2009
T. Koike, Y. Orito, H. Toyoda, M. Tada, R. Sugama, M. Hoshino, Y. Nakao, S. Kobayashi, K. Kondo, Y. Hirota, K. Takaoka



In our cluster randomised controlled trial for efficacy of hip protector with 672 ambulatory elderly women, a hip protector was more effective for prevention of hip fractures in residents with fall history (n = 202; hazard ratio (HR), 0.375; 95%CI, 0.14–0.98; p = 0.05) and body-mass index (BMI) ≤ 19.0 (n = 206; HR, 0.37; 95%CI, 0.14–0.95; p = 0.04) by a Cox proportional hazards regression model.


Hip fractures result from both osteoporosis and falling. A potentially cost-effective method of preventing hip fractures involves the use of hip protectors but recent studies have revealed the uncertain effectiveness of hip protectors even in institutional settings.


This study was a cluster randomised controlled trial with nursing homes. We randomly assigned 76 homes with 672 ambulatory but frail elderly women. Several risk factors were assessed at baseline and incorporated into a Cox proportional hazards regression model. UMIN Clinical Trials Registry number is UMIN000000467. Research period was between January 2004 and March 2006.


In the intervention group, 19 hip fractures occurred (54.0/1,000 person-years), whereas 39 hip fractures occurred in the control group (78.8/1,000 person-years). Hazard ratio of hip fracture in the intervention group was 0.56 (95%CI, 0.31–1.03; p = 0.06) after adjusting for risk factors. In subgroup analysis, hip protectors were more effective for prevention of hip fractures in residents with fall history (n = 202; HR, 0.375; 95%CI, 0.14–0.98; p = 0.05) and BMI ≤ 19.0 (n = 206; HR, 0.37; 95%CI, 0.14–0.95; p = 0.04). Overall compliance with use of hip protectors was 79.7%.


Risk of hip fracture can be reduced by hip protectors among elderly women with fall history and low BMI.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Premium-Inhalten der Fachzeitschriften, inklusive eines Print-Abos.

Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 9/2009

Osteoporosis International 9/2009Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.