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28.05.2018 | Original Article

Impact of glycemic variability on myocardial infarct size in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: quantitative assessment of left ventricular wall motion severity

Zeitschrift:
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
Autoren:
Keiichi Tsuchida, Kota Nishida, Satoshi Soda, Takumi Akiyama, Takahiro Hakamata, Koji Sudo, Komei Tanaka, Yukio Hosaka, Kazuyoshi Takahashi, Hirotaka Oda

Abstract

Glycemic variability (GV) is relevant to impaired myocardial salvage in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Severity of hypokinesis at the infarct site as assessed from contrast left ventriculography can reportedly predict infarct size in STEMI. We prospectively studied 58 consecutive patients (mean age, 63 ± 11 years) with anterior or inferior STEMI who underwent successful reperfusion therapy. Mean amplitude of glucose excursion (MAGE) was obtained from continuous glucose monitoring system. Patients were divided into the upper tertile of MAGE as Group H, and the other two-thirds as Group L. Serial regional wall motion severity at the infarct site was computed postprocedure and at follow-up using a quantitative left ventricular analysis system. Impaired myocardial salvage was defined as severity recovery ratio < 20%. Significantly shorter onset-to-balloon time (196.9 vs. 279.0 min, p = 0.033) and relatively lower postprocedural wall motion severity (2.4 vs. 2.9, p = 0.096) were observed in Group H, but absolute severity recovery was significantly smaller in Group H (0.5 vs. 1.3, p = 0.017). Multivariate analysis showed higher MAGE as predictive of impaired myocardial salvage (OR, 406.10; 95% CI, 4.41–37,366.60; p = 0.009). Recovery of reginal wall motion severity at the infarct site was compromised in STEMI patients with higher MAGE. Our results suggest that final infarct size is potentially larger than expected in STEMI patients with higher GV.

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