Skip to main content
main-content

17.05.2019 | Original Article

Influence of clodronate and compressive force on IL-1ß-stimulated human periodontal ligament fibroblasts

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Oral Investigations
Autoren:
Sarah Grimm, Eva Wolff, Christian Walter, Andreas M. Pabst, Ambili Mundethu, Cornelius Jacobs, Heiner Wehrbein, Collin Jacobs
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Objectives

The aim of this study was to investigate in vitro the effect of clodronate on interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß)–stimulated human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (HPdLFs) with the focus on inflammatory factors of orthodontic tooth movement with and without compressive force.

Materials and methods

HPdLFs were incubated with 5 μM clodronate and 10 ng/mL IL-1ß. After 48 h, cells were exposed to 3 h of compressive force using a centrifuge. The gene expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP-8), and the tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP-1) was analyzed using RT-PCR. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE-2), IL-6, and TIMP-1 protein syntheses were quantified via ELISA.

Results

Compressive force and IL-1ß induced an overexpression of COX-2 gene expression (61.8-fold; p < 0.05 compared with control), diminished by clodronate (41.1-fold; p < 0.05 compared with control). Clodronate slowed down the compression and IL-1ß induced IL-6 gene expression (161-fold vs. 85.6-fold; p < 0.05 compared with control). TNF-α was only slightly affected without statistical significance. Clodronate reduced IL-1ß-stimulated MMP-8 expression with and without compressive force. TIMP-1 on gene and protein level was downregulated in all groups. Analyzing the MMP-8/TIMP-1 ratio, the highest ratio was detected in IL-1ß-stimulated HPdLFs with compressive force (21.2-fold; p < 0.05 compared with control). Clodronate diminished IL-1ß-induced upregulation of MMP-8/TIMP-1 ratio with (11.5-fold; p < 0.05 compared with control) and without (12.5-fold; p < 0.05 compared with control) compressive force.

Conclusion

Our study demonstrates a slightly anti-inflammatory effect by clodronate under compressive force in vitro. Additionally, the periodontal remodeling presented by the MMP-8/TIMP-1 ratio seems to be diminished by clodronate.

Clinical relevance

Reduction of pro-inflammatory factors and reduction of periodontal remodeling might explain reduced orthodontic tooth movement under clodronate intake.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Zahnmedizin

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Zahnmedizin und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise