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Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports OnlineFirst articles

21.01.2022 | Reconstructed Bladder Function & Dysfunction (M Kaufman, Section Editor)

Contemporary Characterization of Urethral Diverticulum

Urethral diverticulum (UD) is a relatively rare urologic pathology with prevalence estimates ranging from 0.6 to 4.7% and annual incidence < 0.02% [ 1 ]. The majority of UD are acquired and diagnosed in adult females, although congenital UD have …

Autoren:
David Mauler, Aqsa Khan, Christopher Wolter

14.01.2022 | Neurogenic Bladder (C Powell, Section Editor)

Role of Pelvic Organ Crosstalk in Dysfunction of the Bowel and Bladder

The urinary bladder and anorectum are located in close proximity deep within the pelvis and perform a similar task, one of storing and expelling excreta. They share a common embryological origin, the urogenital sinus. They are supported by a …

Autoren:
Sanjay Sinha, Pawan Vasudeva, Sirish Bharadwaj, Ankur Mittal

11.01.2022 | Voiding Dysfunction Evaluation (B Brucker and B Peyronnet, Section Editors)

Etiology and Evaluation of Female Urethral Strictures

Urethral strictures in women are exceedingly rare, with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) presenting in 2.7–8% of women with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Of those, only 4–13% are found to have urethral stricture [ 1 ]. While male urethral …

Autoren:
Joanna Marantidis, Rachael D. Sussman

04.01.2022 | Neurogenic Bladder (C Powell, Section Editor)

Psychosocial Factors in Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction: Implications for Multidisciplinary Care

Neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) or “neurogenic bladder” reflects a constellation of urinary symptoms and chronic conditions resulting from neurologic dysfunction of the central and peripheral nervous systems associated with …

Autoren:
E. M. Sebesta, E. L. Connors, E. Rourke, W. S. Reynolds, Lindsey C. McKernan

01.12.2021 | Inflammatory/Infectious Bladder Disorders (MS Mourad, Section Editor)

Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections and Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Adults

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a colonization of the urinary system by uropathogenic bacteria, leading to different degrees of inflammatory response. The clinical spectrum is highly variable, ranging from uncomplicated UTIs (cystitis or …

Autoren:
David Hernández-Hernández, Bárbara Padilla-Fernández, María Yanira Ortega-González, David Manuel Castro-Díaz

05.12.2019 | Reconstructed Bladder Function & Dysfunction (M Kaufman, Section Editor)

Consequences of Pelvic Radiotherapy on Urinary Function in Women

Radiation, specifically X-rays, was discovered in 1895 by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen and was first used for therapy a year later by Emil Herman Grubbe for treatment of breast cancer patients [ 1 ]. Other scientists such as Antoine Henri Becquerel …

Autoren:
Ly T. N. Hoang, Divya Ajay, O. Lenaine Westney

04.12.2019 | Cancer-Associated Voiding Dysfunction (S Elliott and J Pariser, Section Editors)

Post-Prostatectomy Incontinence: an Update on Current Management

The management of urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy can be one of the most challenging areas in urology, both for patients and medical practitioners. Given incontinence rates of 4–31% after robotic-assisted laparoscopic …

Autoren:
Charles P. Jones, Jack G. Campbell, Joshua A Broghammer

02.12.2019 | Inflammatory/Infectious Bladder Disorders (MS Mourad, Section Editor) Open Access

Central Nervous System Changes in Pelvic Inflammation/Pain Patients

“Centralized pain syndromes” (CPS) are associated with more than one specific syndrome in which patients often complain of general pain, mood and sleep disturbances, and fatigue as well as poor quality of life [ 1 ]. These syndromes are associated …

Autoren:
Mohammad Dhafer Asiri, Rowaa Banjar, Wadha Al-Qahtani, Hamidreza Goodarzynejad, Magdy Hassouna

28.11.2019 | Pharmacotherapies and Drug Development/Agents (ES Rovner, Section Editor)

Nocturia: Evaluation and Management

Nocturia, defined as waking to pass urine during the main sleep period, is among the most common and bothersome lower urinary tract symptom (LUTS) in the general population [ 1 ]. Nocturia occurs owing to an abnormality of the genitourinary tract …

Autoren:
Curran J. Emeruwa, Danielle J. Gordon, Jeffrey P. Weiss

27.11.2019 | Voiding Dysfunction Evaluation (B Brucker and B Peyronnet, Section Editors) Open Access

Detrusor Underactivity and Underactive Bladder in Women: What Is New?

The problem with voiding difficulty due to insufficient bladder contraction has received a great deal of attention in recent times [ 1 , 2 ]. Detrusor underactivity (DU) refers to the urodynamic finding of impaired bladder contraction, whereas the …

Autoren:
N. I. Osman, K. H. Pang, F. Martens, T. Atunes-Lopes, B. Geavlete, T. Husch, M. Tutolo, M. S. Rahnama’i, T. Marcelissen, EAU Young Academic Urologists (YAU) Functional Urology Working Group

25.11.2019 | Pharmacotherapies and Drug Development/Agents (ES Rovner, Section Editor)

Advances in Pharmacotherapy for the Treatment of Overactive Bladder

Overactive bladder (OAB) is defined as urinary urgency, usually with urinary frequency and nocturia, with or without urgency urinary incontinence [ 1 ]. The overall prevalence of OAB in women is 16.9%, with women over the age of 65 being twice as …

Autoren:
Caitlyn E. Painter, Anne M. Suskind

15.11.2019 | Overactive Bladder (U Lee and S Adelstein, Section Editors)

The Bladder is Not Sterile: an Update on the Urinary Microbiome

The healthy bladder is not sterile. Urine harbors a complex microbial community even in healthy, asymptomatic individuals. This microbial community is thought to perform critical functions in bladder homeostasis, with potential roles in the …

Autoren:
A. Lenore Ackerman, Toby C. Chai

13.11.2019 | Reconstructed Bladder Function & Dysfunction (M Kaufman, Section Editor)

Dilemmas in Management of the Geriatric Bladder

One of the greatest challenges in geriatric urology is to differentiate the contributions of normal aging versus age-associated pathologic processes to genitourinary perceptions and control. Changes in function with increasing age are seen in …

Autoren:
Siobhan M. Hartigan, W. Stuart Reynolds, Phillip P. Smith

11.11.2019 | BPS/Interstitial Cystitis (D Castro-Diaz and Y Igawa, Section Editors)

Classification, Characterization, and Sub-Grouping of Interstitial Cystitis

There is a group of patients who complain of pain related to the urinary bladder, often associated with persistent urge to void and increased urinary frequency all day. No remedies for infectious diseases or overactive bladder (OAB) do work.

Autoren:
Yukio Homma, Yoshiyuki Akiyama, Aya Niimi, Akira Nomiya, Yasuhiko Igawa

06.11.2019 | Pharmacotherapies and Drug Development/Agents (ES Rovner, Section Editor)

Pharmacotherapy for Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome

Much of the difficulty surrounding treatment of interstitial cystitis or bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) centers on the difficulty in defining and diagnosing this clinical syndrome both for clinical and research purposes. Most recently, in 2009 …

Autoren:
Alyssa Greiman, Lindsey Cox

26.10.2019 | Stress Incontinence and Prolapse (WS Reynolds, Section Editor)

Hormone Replacement for Pelvic Floor Disorders

Pelvic floor disorders occur when the muscles and connective tissue of the pelvic floor and organs are weakened or injured. There are a wide range of pelvic floor disorders; the most common include urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, and …

Autoren:
Joseph Panza, W. Stuart Reynolds

26.10.2019 | Cancer-Associated Voiding Dysfunction (S Elliott and J Pariser, Section Editors)

Radiation Cystitis: a Contemporary Review

Radiation therapy is a commonly used treatment modality in the management of pelvic malignancies including prostate and cervical cancers, and less commonly bladder, ovarian, uterine, vulvar, and colon cancers. Radiotherapy can affect not only the …

Autoren:
Kareem Alazem, Jaime A. Cavallo, Alex J. Vanni

22.10.2019 | Overactive Bladder (U Lee and S Adelstein, Section Editors)

Overactive Bladder in Diabetes Mellitus

The prevalence of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is predicted to increase by 54% in the United States (US) between the years 2015 and 2030 [ 1 ]. DM often results in serious morbidity affecting multiple organ symptoms, including the …

Autoren:
Vaishnavi Narayanamurthy, Emily A. Slopnick, David D. Sheyn, Laura Bukavina, Kirtishri Mishra, Adonis K. Hijaz