Skip to main content
main-content

13.10.2018 | Trauma Surgery

Mortality, complication, and fusion rates of patients with odontoid fracture: the impact of age and comorbidities in 204 cases

Zeitschrift:
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Autoren:
Yann Philippe Charles, Yves Ntilikina, Benjamin Blondel, Stéphane Fuentes, Jérémy Allia, Nicolas Bronsard, Maxime Lleu, Benjamin Nicot, Vincent Challier, Joël Godard, Pascal Kouyoumdjian, Nicolas Lonjon, Paulo Marinho, Julien Berthiller, Eurico Freitas, Cédric Barrey

Abstract

Purpose

The French Society of Spine Surgery (SFCR) conducted a prospective epidemiologic multicenter study. The purpose was to investigate mortality, complication, and fusion rates in patients with odontoid fracture, depending on age, comorbidities, fracture type, and treatment.

Methods

Out of 204 patients, 60 were ≤ 70 years and 144 were > 70 years. Demographic data, comorbidities, treatment types and complications (general medical, infectious, neurologic, and mechanical), and death were registered within the first year. Fractures were classified according to Anderson–D’Alonzo and Roy–Camille on the initial CT. A 1-year follow-up CT was available in 144 patients to evaluate fracture consolidation.

Results

Type II and oblique-posterior fractures were the most frequent patterns. The treatment was conservative in 52.5% and surgical in 47.5%. The mortality rate in patients ≤ 70 was 3.3% and 16.7% in patients > 70 years (p = 0.0002). Fracture pattern and treatment type did not influence mortality. General medical complications were significantly more frequent > 70 years (p = 0.021) and after surgical treatment (p = 0.028). Neurologic complications occurred in 0.5%, postoperative infections in 2.0%, and implant-related mechanical complications in 10.3% (associated with pseudarthrosis). Fracture fusion was observed in 93.5% of patients ≤ 70 years and in 62.5% >70 years (p < 0.0001). Pseudarthrosis was present in 31.5% of oblique-posterior fractures and in 24.3% after conservative treatment.

Conclusions

Age and comorbidities influenced mortality and medical complication rates most regardless of fracture type and treatment choice. Pseudarthrosis represented the main complication, which increased with age. Pseudarthrosis was most frequent in type II and oblique-posterior fractures after conservative treatment.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Jetzt bestellen und 50 € OTTO-Gutschein sichern!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie


 

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise