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08.10.2018 | Review Article | Ausgabe 12/2018

Sports Medicine 12/2018

Over 50 Years of Researching Force Profiles in Rowing: What Do We Know?

Zeitschrift:
Sports Medicine > Ausgabe 12/2018
Autoren:
John Warmenhoven, Stephen Cobley, Conny Draper, Richard Smith

Abstract

There has been substantial interest in the mechanisms underpinning the skilled movements of on-water rowing for more than 150 years. Contemporary attention from biomechanical research has focused on the important relationship between kinetics (such as force application at the oar) and performance. A range of instrumentation systems have been developed and used in both academic and applied training contexts to better understand this relationship. Both qualitative and quantitative analytical approaches have been used in conjunction with these instrumentation systems for observing differences in propulsive force patterns between rowers. Despite the use of these analytical approaches, there is still limited consensus surrounding which characteristics of force profiles are associated with better rowing performance. Newell’s model of constraints is provided as a framework for understanding why this lack of clarity exists surrounding force profile characteristics and performance. Further to this, direction for further research is provided by a framework that outlines two main streams: (1) exploration of constraints and how they are related to force profile characteristics; and (2) after controlling for constraints, exploration of performance and how it is related to force profile characteristics. These two steps are sequential, with an understanding of constraints influencing how we understand the interaction of force profiles and performance.

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