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01.12.2014 | Original Research | Ausgabe 1/2014 Open Access

International Journal of Emergency Medicine 1/2014

Pediatric emergency medical care in Yerevan, Armenia: a knowledge and attitudes survey of out-of-hospital emergency physicians

International Journal of Emergency Medicine > Ausgabe 1/2014
Aline A Baghdassarian, Ross I Donaldson, Andrew D DePiero, Nancy L Chernett, Harsh Sule
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​1865-1380-7-11) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interests

RD was a paid consultant for Abt Associates and USAID on the Healthcare System Strengthening in Armenia (HS-STAR) Project. The authors declare no other competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

AB, RD, and HS conceived and designed the study. AB undertook recruitment, supervised data collection, managed data, and performed data analysis. AB, AD, HS, and NC interpreted the data and contributed to the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.



Out-of-hospital emergency care is at an early stage of development in Armenia, with the current emergency medical services (EMS) system having emergency physicians (EPs) work on ambulances along with nurses. While efforts are underway by the Ministry of Health and other organizations to reform the EMS system, little data exists on the status of pediatric emergency care (PEC) in the country. We designed this study to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of out-of-hospital emergency physicians in pediatric rapid assessment and resuscitation, and identify areas for PEC improvement.


We distributed an anonymous, self-administered Knowledge and Attitudes survey to a convenience sample of out-of-hospital EPs in the capital, Yerevan, from August to September 2012.


With a response rate of 80%, the majority (89.7%) of respondents failed a 10-question knowledge test (with a pre-defined passing score of ≥7) with a mean score of 4.17 ± 1.99 SD. Answers regarding the relationship between pediatric cardiac arrest and respiratory issues, compression-to-ventilation ratio in neonates, definition of hypotension, and recognition of shock were most frequently incorrect. None of the participants had attended pediatric-specific continuing medical education (CME) activities within the preceding 5 years. χ2 analysis demonstrated no statistically significant association between physician age, length of EMS experience, type of ambulance (general vs. resuscitation/critical care), or CME attendance and pass/fail status. The majority of participants agreed that PEC education in Armenia needs improvement (98%), that there is a need for pediatric-specific CME (98%), and that national out-of-hospital PEC guidelines would increase PEC safety, efficiency, and effectiveness (96%).


Out-of-hospital emergency physicians in Yerevan, Armenia are deficient in pediatric-specific emergency assessment and resuscitation knowledge and training, but express a clear desire for improvement. There is a need to support additional PEC training and CME within the EMS system in Armenia.
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