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19.12.2016 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 5/2017 Open Access

The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging 5/2017

Pre-procedural renal resistive index accurately predicts contrast-induced acute kidney injury in patients with preserved renal function submitted to coronary angiography

Zeitschrift:
The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging > Ausgabe 5/2017
Autoren:
Maciej T. Wybraniec, Maria Bożentowicz-Wikarek, Jerzy Chudek, Katarzyna Mizia-Stec

Abstract

The study aimed to evaluate the clinical utility of ultrasonographic intra-renal blood flow parameters, together with the wide range of different risk factors, for the prediction of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in patients with preserved renal function, referred for coronary angiography or percutaneous coronary interventions (CA/PCI). This prospective study covered 95 consecutive patients (69.5% men; median age 65 years) subject to elective or urgent CA/PCI. Data regarding 128 peri-procedural variables were collected. Ultrasonographic intra-renal blood flow parameters, including renal resistive index (RRI) and pulsatility index (RPI), were acquired directly before the procedure. CI-AKI was defined as ≥50% relative or ≥0.3 mg/dL absolute increase of serum creatinine 48 h after procedure. CI-AKI was confirmed in nine patients (9.5%). Patients with CI-AKI had higher SYNTAX score (p = 0.0002), higher rate of left main disease (p < 0.00001), peripheral artery disease (PAD; p = 0.02), coronary artery anomaly (p = 0.017), more frequently underwent surgical revascularization (p = 0.0003), ‘had greater...’ intima-(p = 0.004) and extra-medial thickness (p = 0.001), and received higher contrast media dose (p = 0.049), more often overused non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (p = 0.001), and had substantially higher pre-procedural RRI (0.69 vs. 0.62; p = 0.005) and RPI values (1.54 vs. 1.36; p = 0.017). Logistic regression confirmed age, SYNTAX score, presence of PAD, diabetes mellitus, and pre-procedural RRI independently predicted CI-AKI onset (AUC = 0.95; p < 0.0001). Pre-procedural RRI > 0.69 had 78% sensitivity and 81% specificity in CI-AKI prediction. High pre-procedural RRI seems to be a useful novel risk factor for CI-AKI in patients with preserved renal function. Coronary, peripheral and renal vascular pathology contribute to the development of CI-AKI following CA/PCI.

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