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01.11.2009 | Original Article | Ausgabe 11/2009

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® 11/2009

Predictors of Prognosis for Elderly Patients with Poststroke Hemiplegia Experiencing Hip Fractures

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® > Ausgabe 11/2009
Autoren:
MD Mingli Feng, MD Jian Zhang, Huiliang Shen, MD Huaijian Hu, Li Cao
Wichtige Hinweise
Each author certifies that he or she has no commercial associations (eg, consultancies, stock ownership, equity interest, patent/licensing arrangements, etc) that might pose a conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved or waived approval for the human protocol for this investigation and that all investigations were conducted in conformity with ethical principles of research.

Abstract

Hip fracture is an important cause of mortality and disability in elderly patients, particularly in those with poststroke hemiplegia, but little information is available regarding differences of general characteristics between patients with and without hemiplegia who experience hip fractures, factors predicting recovery of prefracture ambulatory status, and mortality of patients with poststroke hemiplegia with hip fractures. We retrospectively reviewed 1379 consecutive prospectively followed patients with hip fractures treated from January 2000 to May 2006. Of the 1379 patients, 101 (7.3%) had poststroke hemiplegia. All patients were followed a minimum of 1 year if they survived more than a year or until death if they died within a year after surgery (mean, 19.5 months; range, 4–49 months). According to the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) rating, the patients with hemiplegia were sicker than patients without hemiplegia, more likely to have three or more comorbidities, lower cognitive ability, weaker prefracture ambulatory status, more days of hospitalization, and higher mortality rate. Gender, ASA rating, number of comorbidities, and prefracture ambulatory status predicted mortality of hip fractures in elderly patients with poststroke hemiplegia, and the ASA rating, number of comorbidities, and cognitive ability predicted recovery of prefracture ambulatory status for these patients.
Level of Evidence: Level II, prognostic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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