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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Public Health 1/2015

Prevalence of dyslipidemia and associated factors among the hypertensive population from rural Northeast China

Zeitschrift:
BMC Public Health > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
Shasha Yu, Hongmei Yang, Xiaofan Guo, Xingang Zhang, Liqiang Zheng, Yingxian Sun
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

SSY analyzed the data and wrote the paper. SSY, XFG, HMY enrolled participants and collected data. LQZ and YXS were responsible for designing the study and performing data analyses. All the authors contributed to the interpretation of data and critical revision and approval of the article.

Abstract

Background

Our latest study reported the grim status of hypertension in rural China with the prevalence of hypertension reached 51.1 %. However, we lack the latest data about the prevalence and epidemiological features of dyslipidemia among hypertensive residents in rural China.

Methods

A cross-sectional survey was conducted from July 2012 to August 2013 through a cluster multistage sampling to a resident group of 4048 individuals (2152 men, 2896 women) with hypertension, age ≥ 35 years, in the rural Northeast China. Serum lipids level were proposed by National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III.

Results

Of the hypertension residents without antihypertension treatment, 34.5 % had borderline high total cholesterol, 19.2 % had high total cholesterol, 11.4 % had low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and 37.4 % had high non HDL-C. The population with borderline high, high, and very high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol was 20.9, 6.7 and 2.3 %, respectively. In addition, 14.3 % had borderline high triglycerides, 17.4 % had high TG and 2.4 % had very high TG. The awareness rate of dyslipidemia among the study population was 5.9 %. After adjusting for independent variables, fasting plasma glucose, body mass index, Han nationality, current drinking and smoking, higher annual income and classification of blood pressure were risk factors for dyslipidemia while moderate physical activity was protective factor for dyslipidemia. On the contrary, gender and current drinking decrease the risk of HDL-C.

Conclusion

The prevalence of dyslipidemia was dramatically high and dyslipidemia screening was in-need in all diagnosed hypertensive individuals.
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