Skip to main content
main-content

04.03.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2019

Pediatric Cardiology 4/2019

Relationship Between Pulmonary Arterial Resistance and Compliance in Patients with Down Syndrome

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Cardiology > Ausgabe 4/2019
Autoren:
Yuka Iwaya, Jun Muneuchi, Yuka Inoue, Mamie Watanabe, Seigo Okada, Yoshie Ochiai
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

This study aimed to clarify the characteristics of pulmonary arterial resistance (Rp)–compliance (Cp) coupling in individuals with Down syndrome (DS), who have increased risks of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We performed cardiac catheterization before and after corrective surgery in 85 DS infants and 85 controls with congenital heart disease and PAH. We retrospectively collected hemodynamic data and compared Rp and Cp between the groups. Age at surgery was 3.5 (2.6–4.6) months. The first and second catheterizations were performed 1 month before and after corrective surgery in both groups. Preoperative Cp in DS patients was significantly lower than that in controls [2.27 (1.62–3.0) vs. 2.50 (1.86–3.31) mL/mmHg/m2, p = 0.039], although there was no significant difference in mean pulmonary arterial pressure and Rp between the groups. Analysis of covariance revealed that the slopes of the preoperative regression lines for the logarithmic transformations of Rp and Cp were identical in DS patients and controls (p = 0.299). However, the postoperative regression line was shifted downward in DS patients after corrective surgery. Postoperative home oxygen therapy (HOT) was performed in 39 patients (36 DS patients) and multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that postoperative HOT was significantly related to low preoperative Cp (p = 0.039) and DS (p = 0.0001). Individuals with DS have the unique pulmonary vasculature characterized with low Cp that is related to postoperative HOT.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 4/2019

Pediatric Cardiology 4/2019 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Pädiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Kardiologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Kardiologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise