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10.11.2017 | Knee Arthroplasty | Ausgabe 2/2018

Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 2/2018

Sagittal magnetic resonance imaging-scan orientation significantly influences accuracy of femoral posterior condylar offset measurement

Zeitschrift:
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Peter Balcarek, Ali Seif Amir Hosseini, Ulrike Streit, Tobias Franz Brodkorb, Tim Alexander Walde
Wichtige Hinweise
Peter Balcarek and Ali Seif Amir Hosseini contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Background

In total knee arthroplasty the femoral posterior condylar offset (PCO) may serve as a potential branch for correct femoral component positioning. The technique of adjusting the sagittal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-scan on which it is measured has not been investigated in previous literature, but may be subject to variances due to knee joint positioning or axial localizer scan angulation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of simulated femur rotation on the accuracy of PCO measurement.

Materials and methods

Ten asymptomatic knee joints underwent MRI investigations. A sagittal plane perpendicular to the transepicondylar axis was defined as the true-sagittal plane (tsP). Sagittal images were reformatted in the tsP and angulated by 5° and − 5° in medial and lateral direction. In total each knee received three scans in 0°, 5° and − 5° axial localizer scan angulation. Medial and lateral PCO measurement was performed in each MRI-scan angulation.

Results

Simulated external rotation decreased medial PCO size by 1.7 mm (95% CI 0.5994–3.127) (p = 0.012), and simulated internal rotation increased medial PCO size by 2.1 mm (95% CI 1.142–2.994) (p = 0.001). Lateral PCO size increased by 1.9 mm (95% CI 0.5660–3.412) and decreased by 2.1 mm (95% CI 1.142–2.994) with simulated external and internal rotation, respectively (p = 0.011; p = 0.0007).

Conclusion

This study shows the high sensitivity of medial and lateral PCO measurements to small changes of MRI axial localizer scan angulations simulating minor degrees of internal or external femur rotation. Thus, absolute PCO values should be interpreted with caution if the sagittal image acquisition is not standardized.

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