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01.07.2016 | Short Communication | Ausgabe 7/2016

Medical Oncology 7/2016

Sequential addition of aprepitant in patients receiving carboplatin-based chemotherapy

Zeitschrift:
Medical Oncology > Ausgabe 7/2016
Autoren:
Seiichiro Suzuki, Masato Karayama, Naoki Inui, Shigeki Kuroishi, Tomoyuki Fujisawa, Noriyuki Enomoto, Yutaro Nakamura, Koshi Yokomura, Mikio Toyoshima, Shiro Imokawa, Kazuhiro Asada, Masafumi Masuda, Takashi Yamada, Hiroshi Watanabe, Hiroshi Hayakawa, Takafumi Suda

Abstract

Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting is a challenging issue. Although aprepitant is sometimes used as a therapeutic option in patients receiving moderately emetogenic chemotherapy, the potential benefit of sequential addition of aprepitant to dexamethasone and a 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist during the second cycle of carboplatin-based chemotherapy remains unclear. Chemo-naïve patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received carboplatin-based chemotherapy were treated with doublet antiemetic therapy with dexamethasone and a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist during the first cycle of chemotherapy. Aprepitant was then added during the second cycle of chemotherapy. The primary endpoint was overall complete response rate, defined as no vomiting and no rescue therapy during the 120 h after administration of chemotherapy. Sixty-seven patients were enrolled, 63 of whom were eligible after two cycles of chemotherapy. The overall complete response rate was significantly improved in the second cycle [87.3 %, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 76.5–94.4 %] compared with the first cycle (65.1 %, 95 % CI 52.0–76.7 %; p < 0.001). Improvement was observed in the delayed phase, but not in the acute phase. Subsequent addition of aprepitant significantly improved the overall complete response rate in NSCLC patients receiving a second cycle of carboplatin-based chemotherapy.

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