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Erschienen in: HSS Journal ® 2/2020

09.12.2019 | CURRENT CONCEPTS IN SPINAL FUSION / Review Article

Strategies to Achieve Spinal Fusion in Multilevel Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: An Overview

verfasst von: Michael H. McCarthy, MD, MPH, Joseph A. Weiner, MD, Alpesh A. Patel, MD, FACS

Erschienen in: HSS Journal ® | Ausgabe 2/2020

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Abstract

Background

Anterior cervical fusion offers surgeons a safe and reliable surgical option for single-level and multilevel pathology; however, multilevel fusions pose a higher risk of complications than single-level fusions, including possible pseudoarthrosis, adjacent segment disease, sagittal imbalance, and construct subsidence. Various techniques can be used to mitigate risk in multilevel anterior cervical fusion.

Questions/Purposes

We reviewed the literature to determine the best surgical strategies in multilevel anterior cervical fusion.

Methods

We searched the PubMed database for articles published from January 1980 through July 2019. Two authors identified relevant articles and then manually screened them for others to include in this review.

Results

We initially identified 1936 articles and included 48 in our review. We found that clinical outcomes of multilevel anterior cervical fusion can be optimized through the use of biologics and graft selection, the evaluation of pre-existing deformity, the assessment of comorbidities, and the selection of fusion levels. Meticulous surgical technique in conjunction with modern surgical tools, such as instrumentation and biologics, allow surgeons to address complex cervical problems while limiting morbidity and enhancing clinical outcomes.

Conclusions

Multilevel anterior cervical fusions offer a relatively safe and reliable treatment option for both single-level and multilevel pathology.
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Metadaten
Titel
Strategies to Achieve Spinal Fusion in Multilevel Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: An Overview
verfasst von
Michael H. McCarthy, MD, MPH
Joseph A. Weiner, MD
Alpesh A. Patel, MD, FACS
Publikationsdatum
09.12.2019
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
HSS Journal ® / Ausgabe 2/2020
Print ISSN: 1556-3316
Elektronische ISSN: 1556-3324
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11420-019-09738-3

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