Skip to main content
main-content

28.11.2018 | Original Article

The burden of psychiatric illnesses in adult patients with beta-thalassemia: a 5-year nationwide inpatient evaluation in the United States

Zeitschrift:
Annals of Hematology
Autoren:
Krupa Patel, Siddhi Bhivandkar, Rupak Desai, Todd Antin

Abstract

Beta-thalassemia (ß-thalassemia) is a frequently inherited monogenic disorder worldwide with severe physical and mental health comorbidities. The aim of this study is to evaluate the burden of psychiatric disorders in adult patients hospitalized with ß-thalassemia in the United States (US). We utilized the discharge data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2010 through 2014 to identify hospitalized ß-thalassemia patients who are 18 years and older. We assessed categorical and continuous variables using chi-square test and Student’s t test respectively. The burden of psychiatric disorders was assessed using descriptive statistics and represented in terms of frequency (n) and percentage (%). A p value threshold of < 0.05 was considered clinically significant. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS version 22.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). Of the 10,046 ß-thalassemia patients studied, 24.4% (n = 2448) reported psychiatric disorders. Mood disorders (15.2%; inclusive of 10.3% depression), followed by anxiety (9.4%), and substance abuse disorder (6.5%; 4.3% drug abuse, 2.2% alcohol abuse) were most prevalent. Comorbid mental illnesses increased the length of stay by 44.6% and total costs by 23.4%. All-cause mortality rate was reported at 1.9% in overall ß-thalassemia patients. This study highlights higher rates of psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety and correlated increases in length of stay and cost in hospitalized ß-thalassemia patients. To improve medical outcomes and curtail unnecessary health-care costs, implementation of an integrated care model can be considered.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Onkologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Onkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise