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24.04.2019 | Original Article

The incidence and influencing factors of elder abuse and neglect

Journal of Public Health
Hakime Aslan, Behice Erci
Wichtige Hinweise

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This study was conducted to determine the level of abuse and neglect of individuals over the age of 65 years and the factors influencing it.

Subjects and methods

A cross-sectional, population-based, descriptive study was conducted on 455 elderly persons in Turkey. At data collection, a socio-demographic form, which was developed by the researcher herself, an abuse evaluation form with six Likert-type questions, the Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and the Perceived Emotional Abuse Scale for Adults (PEASA) were used.


Of the participants, 26.8% experienced physical abuse, 26.9% financial abuse, 12.6% sexual abuse and 56.5% neglect and psychological abuse at an intermediate level. The average score of the ADL index was 11.0 ± 3.3. This score shows that these elderly individuals were semi-independent.


The rate of abuse and neglect was found to be intermediate. There was a positive relationship between abuse of the elderly and their ADL index.

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