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01.12.2014 | Ausgabe 10/2014

Maternal and Child Health Journal 10/2014

Understanding Sociodemographic and Sociocultural Factors that Characterize Tobacco Use and Cessation During Pregnancy Among Women in the Dominican Republic

Zeitschrift:
Maternal and Child Health Journal > Ausgabe 10/2014
Autoren:
Essie T. Torres, Joseph Guido, Zahira Quiñones de Monegro, Sergio Diaz, Ann M. Dozier, Scott McInstosh, Deborah J. Ossip

Abstract

Tobacco use and exposure are serious public health problems that threaten to undermine improvements in maternal and child health, and add to already existing poor pregnancy outcomes in many low- and middle-income countries. The purpose of this study is to explore factors that characterize tobacco use and cessation during pregnancy among women in the Dominican Republic. This study was part of a larger trial and includes a sample of women who participated in baseline surveillance and community assessments (n = 613). Descriptive, bivariate, and multivariable analyses were conducted. Overall, 93.31 % (n = 572) of women experienced a past/current pregnancy and 22.44 % (n = 127) smoked during a past or current pregnancy. Among women who had smoked, 34.13 % (n = 43) stopped smoking due to a pregnancy, and 46.03 % (n = 58) were advised by a health care provider to quit smoking because of pregnancy. Women who were older, Catholic, and had a mother who used tobacco were three times more likely to smoke during a past or current pregnancy. Inability to read or write was also significantly associated with smoking during pregnancy. Women who were able to read and write and were from a tobacco growing community were three times more likely to quit smoking during pregnancy. This study provides a preliminary understanding of factors influencing tobacco use and cessation among pregnant women in the Dominican Republic. It also informs a critical area for public health research and intervention, indicating opportunities to engage the health care provider community in intervening with pregnant women and their families.

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