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01.10.2015 | Urology - Original article | Ausgabe 10/2015

International Urology and Nephrology 10/2015

A population-based analysis of contemporary patterns of care in younger men (<60 years old) with localized prostate cancer

Zeitschrift:
International Urology and Nephrology > Ausgabe 10/2015
Autoren:
Andrew T. Wong, Joseph J. Safdieh, Justin Rineer, Joseph Weiner, David Schwartz, David Schreiber

Abstract

Purpose

To analyze patterns of care in younger patients (<60 years old) with localized prostate cancer and to identify factors associated with selection of therapy using a large, population-based database.

Methods

The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was queried to identify men <60 years old diagnosed with localized prostate cancer between 2010 and 2011. Patients were determined to have undergone no active treatment, local therapy, radiation therapy (RT), or radical prostatectomy (RP). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with the use of definitive therapy.

Results

A total of 12,732 men were included in this analysis. For the entire cohort, 12.5 % received no definitive treatment, 61.6 % RP, 22.0 % RT, and 3.3 % RP with adjuvant RT. Among men with low-, intermediate-, and high-risk prostate cancer, 17.2, 7.1, and 15.9 %, respectively, received no definitive therapy. RP was the most common choice of definitive therapy, utilized in 74.6 % of patients. Adjuvant RT after RP was utilized in 16.2 % of cases with positive margin and/or pT3/pT4 disease. African-American race, single marital status, and Medicaid/no insurance were associated with a decreased likelihood of receiving definitive treatment.

Conclusions

A significant proportion of younger men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer, particularly with low- or high-risk disease, are not receiving definitive therapy. African-American men, uninsured men, and patients with Medicaid or no medical insurance are less likely to receive definitive treatment.

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